The Marijuana-Opioid Connection

The effects of marijuana on the brain of an unborn child.

1. M.S. Spano1,2, P. Fadda1,2, W. Fratta1,2,3 and L. Fattore*,1,3 Cannabinoid-Opioid Interactions in Drug Discrimination and Self-Administration: Effect of Maternal, Postnatal, Adolescent and Adult Exposure to the Drugs Current Drug Targets, 2010, Vol. 11, No. 2

2. X Wang, D Dow-Edwards, V Anderson, H Minkoff , and YL Hurd; Discrete opioid gene expression impairment in the human fetal brain associated with maternal marijuana use. , The Pharmacogenomics Journal (2006) 6, 255–264

3. M. Sabrina Spano, Maria Ellgren, X. Wang, and Yasmin L. Hurd; Prenatal Cannabis Exposure Increases Heroin Seeking with Allostatic Changes in Limbic Enkephalin Systems in Adulthood; BIOL PSYCHIATRY 2007;61:554–563

Poysti, Carol. “The Marijuana-Opioid Connection.” Online Video Clip. Youtube. Youtube, 19 October 2016. Web. 20 August 2017.


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